അണികളെ കൂട്ടാൻ ഉദ്ധവ്⁇, Malayalam News, Shiv Sena, Shiv Sena faces fourth rebellion, Shiv Sena’s crisis, Maharashtra crisis news

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അണികളെ കൂട്ടാൻ ഉദ്ധവ്⁇, Malayalam News, Shiv Sena, Shiv Sena faces fourth rebellion, Shiv Sena’s crisis, Maharashtra crisis news

Formed in June 1966, the Shiv Sena is going through some of the worst crises it has ever faced in its 56-year journey. The Shiv Sena has always failed to transform itself from an artistic organization into a mature political party. Many argue that the current developments are a continuation of that.

Balasaheb Thackeray alias Bal Thackeray, a cartoonist, formed the organization on June 19, 1966, raising local issues. Under the slogan ‘Children of the Soil’, it was easy to organize with the limited aim of providing employment to Marathas in public sector institutions and banks. It later gained a political dimension with the emergence of Hindutva. The Shiv Sena has expanded its influence and foothold in Maharashtra by combining regional and religious ideologies.

The Shiv Sena also wanted Keshav Sitaram Thackeray, the father of Bal Thackeray, who was active in the joint Maharashtra movement for a separate state for Marathi speakers in the early 1950s.

Bal Thackeray had drawn cartoons against immigrants from other states to Maharashtra. Through this he attracted the sentiment of the Marathi youth. Protests and violence erupted against those living in Maharashtra. This fascist-minded mob was widely accepted by the Marathi youth. At some point, the Shiv Sena undertook religious propaganda along with local claims. Its intolerance of other religions led to other forms of violence and controversy. It soon became part of the BJP – led NDA and promoted Hindu nationalism.

Transformation and growth into politics

The Shiv Sena entered the political arena in 1968. Prior to that, he contested the Thane local body elections in 1967 and won 17 of the 40 seats. In the 1968 Bombay local elections, he won 42 of the 121 seats.

Bal Thackeray was arrested in 1969 during a border dispute with Karnataka. The ensuing three-day bandh in Mumbai led to violence and clashes. Meanwhile, the Shiv Sena had launched a campaign against the Communists. In 1970, Krishna Desai, an MLA from Parel, a stronghold of the Communist Party, was assassinated. Shiv Sena activists arrested in the case. In the ensuing by-elections, the Shiv Sena candidate defeated Sarojini Desai, the wife of Krishna Desai, who contested for the CPI. The Shiv Sena has thus created a large political base.

Women activists protest in front of Shiv Sena Bhavan in support of Uddhav Thackeray | Photo: PTI

Bal Thackeray publicly supported Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, who declared a state of emergency in 1975. In 1985, the Army seized control of the Mumbai Municipal Corporation. 1989 – Allied with the BJP in the Lok Sabha and Assembly elections. In 1990, the Shiv Sena won 52 seats in the Maharashtra Assembly, making Manohar Joshi the Leader of the Opposition.

In 1995, the BJP-Shiv Sena alliance came to power for the first time in Maharashtra. The Shiv Sena won 73 seats and became the Chief Minister. Manohar Joshi became the Chief Minister. In the 1999 elections, the Congress-NCP alliance lost.

In 2003, Bal Thackeray appointed his son Uddhav Thackeray as the party’s executive president. The Shiv Sena lost the 2009 assembly elections. Shiv Sena activists have vandalized the offices of various Marathi and Hindi news channels for allegedly criticizing Bal Thackeray.

Bal Thackeray with Prime Minister Narendra Modi (2003) | Photo: AP

Balthakare dies in 2012 Later, Uddhav Thackeray became the party president. The Shiv Sena, which split from the BJP in 2014, contested alone. It won 63 seats. After the election, he supported the BJP and became part of the NDA again. They then contested together in 2019 but the alliance collapsed after the election. Maha Vikas Aghadi formed an alliance with the NCP and the Congress and came to power in Maharashtra. Uddhav Thackeray became the first Chief Minister from the Thackeray family. This is a continuation of the current political situation in Maharashtra.

Before the explosions

This is not the first time the Shiv Sena has erupted. But this is only the first time under the leadership of Uddhav Thackeray. The major eruptions from Chhagan Bhujbal to the present Eknath Shinde are as follows.

Chhagan BhujbaIn

Chhagan Bhujpal | Photo: PTI

Chhagan Bhujbal, a close associate of Shiv Sena founder Bal Thackeray, left the party in 1991. Bhujbal was the OBC face of the Shiv Sena who played a key role in expanding the party’s base in the rural areas of Maharashtra. He left the Shiv Sena complaining that he was not getting enough encouragement and consideration from the party. The main reason was the dissatisfaction with the appointment of Manohar Joshi as the Leader of the Opposition.

Bhujbal went with 18 Shiv Sena MLAs and supported the then ruling Congress. But on the same day that he left the party, 12 MLAs returned to the Shiv Sena from the Bhujbal camp.

The Speaker considered Bhujbal and the accompanying MPs as a separate group in the Assembly. After leaving the party, Bhujbal’s house in Mumbai was attacked by Shiv Sena activists. Bhujbal joined the Congress and later joined the NCP in 1999. Bhujbal, 74, is currently the NCP’s minister in the Uddhav Thackeray – led coalition government.

Narayan Rane

Narayan Rane | Photo: PTI

Narayan Rane, another key figure in the party, was ousted by the Shiv Sena in 2005. Rane joined the Shiv Sena in his early twenties. Rane first got the Revenue Department under the BJP-Shiv Sena coalition government in 1995. When Joshi had to resign following a land use controversy, he succeeded him as Chief Minister in 1999 for a short period. In the elections that year, the Rane-led BJP-Sena alliance lost to the Congress-NCP alliance.

Vilasrao became a minister in the Deshmukh government. Deshmukh resigned as Chief Minister in the wake of the 2008 Mumbai attacks. Congress names Ashok Chavan as Chief Minister Rane accused the Congress leadership of not keeping its promise to make him chief minister. Rana was suspended by the Congress. The suspension was lifted after an apology.
When the BJP gained strength under Modi, he left the Congress and joined the BJP. He became the Union Minister in the first reshuffle of the second Modi government

Raj Thackeray-

Raj Thackeray and Uddhav Thackeray with Bal Thackeray | Photo: PTI

Raj Thackeray left the party in 2006 in a major setback for the Shiv Sena. Bal Thackeray’s nephew Raj also formed his own party, the Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS). Raj Thackeray’s clash with Uddhav over who will be Thackeray’s successor. The children of the soil abandoned by the Shiv Sena in the meanwhile were left to fend for themselves. Initially, Raj Thackeray’s party won 13 seats in the 2009 assembly elections. In the Mumbai region, it was one seat more than the Shiv Sena.

Suresh Prabhu

Suresh Prabhu was one of the reasons why the Shiv Sena’s relationship with the BJP fell apart. Suresh Prabhu joined the BJP just before the first cabinet expansion of the first Modi government. Following a dispute with the leadership, the Shiv Sena demanded that Suresh Prabhu not be made a minister. Subsequently, Suresh Prabhu resigned from the Shiv Sena and joined the BJP. The next day he was sworn in as a minister.

Apart from them, Bhaskar Jadhav, Ganesh Naik, Sanjay Nirupam, Praveen Darekar, Bala Nandagongkar, Tukaram Renge Patil, Rajan Theli, Vijay Vadetivar and Kalidas Columbkar also left the party. Some of them joined other parties while others returned to the army.

Eknath Shinde-

Eknath Shinde is the main challenge facing the Shiv Sena now. Shinde, who has been a popular figure in the party and has played a pivotal role in strengthening the party in Thane and has been a four-time MLA, minister and trustee, has been ousted by the rebels in the worst crisis in its history. Shinde is challenging the party by ousting the majority of MLAs in the party. Things are moving towards the point where the dominance of the Thackeray family in the Shiv Sena itself is being questioned. ‘The Shiv Sena leadership, which takes things lightly, is the main reason for the explosions. They have never changed that attitude, ”said Prakash Aklokar, a political correspondent on the Shiv Sena’s political crisis.

Content Highlights: Shiv Sena faces fourth rebellion-Shiv Sena’s crisis-history

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