10 years ago the beginning of the endless war

Time.news – The first public demonstrations against the central government of the Arab Republic of Syria, ten years ago, unknowingly started one of the most dramatic civil wars and humanitarian crises in the recent history of humanity. The demonstrations of March 15, 2011 were born, the first in the city of Daraa, in the broad context of the Arab springs, when a part of the Syrian population rose up against the Assad family and the government following the example of the protests in Tunisia, Egypt. and the beginning of the rebellion in Libya.

The harsh repression of demonstrations, the thousands of arrests, torture and deaths of those arrested, in an attempt by the government to restore calm and quell the riots, did not discourage the protesters and critics of the regime, rather giving them even more strength and leading to birth of numerous forms of resistance. Today, Syria is a fragmented country that needs to be completely rebuilt, torn apart by an ongoing civil war that has become a proxy war of different international interests, with countless players on the ground and the worst humanitarian crisis since the Second World War.

A country that in the last 10 years has gone through bombings and religious radicalism, continuous conflict and the hope of reconstruction, torn apart not only in the economy and urban planning but also from the point of view of society. Since 2014, a huge area between Syria and Iraq has been controlled, militarily and politically, by the Islamic State, which has established a caliphate with its capital in the city of Raqqa.

Currently, UNHCR, the UN refugee agency, estimates that there are 5.5 million Syrian refugees around the world, most of them in Turkey, and an even higher number of internally displaced people in the Levantine country.. A very high number of people, mostly with a high level of education, which sparked a new crisis for Europe, that of migrants. Crisis worsened with the worsening of other scenarios, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. The 10th anniversary of the Syrian civil war sees Bashar al-Assad still firmly in power, plagued by Covid-19 (currently in solitary confinement with his wife in the presidential palace in Damascus), and the Baath party still dominant in Syria’s political life.

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