“Mussolini is by far the most famous Italian character in the world. More than Cavour, Garibaldi, Guglielmo Marconi and Enrico Fermi”. What else to say that hasn’t already been said? “We wanted to investigate a still unknown aspect of the Duce: the relations he had with the British secret services”. Two scholars explain this to time.news, Mario José Cereghino, an expert in Anglo-Saxon archives, and Giovanni Fasanella, investigative journalist, authors of “Black of London. From Caporetto to the March on Rome: how British military intelligence created the fascist Mussolini “.
The essay, which makes visible a surprising plot of the history of those years, is out tomorrow for the publisher Chiarelettere, with which the two researchers have already published together “Il Golpe inglese” (2011), “Colonia Italia” (2015) , reprinted several times, and – recently – “The Black Book of the Italian Republic” (2021). A century after the events that have upset the history of Italy and the whole of Europe for the following twenty years, in fact, this volume sheds new light on a series of hitherto obscure implications, relating to Mussolini’s rise to power and to the affirmation of fascism, providing – thanks to an in-depth documentation – details that remained unknown.
An investigation that, thanks to the strength of the revelations on the support of British intelligence and conservatives, to Benito Mussolini, opens new horizons about the ties that have united the two countries. “Since the First World War – says Fasanella – the British military services have given life to a very secret plan, called ‘The Project’, for the total control of Italy starting from the autumn of 1917, immediately after the Kobarid catastrophe. of that subversive initiative is Lieutenant Colonel Sir Samuel Hoare, head of the Directorate of Military Intelligence (Dmi) in our country “. (continues)
The responsibilities of the British Conservatives and the British Crown
His is an ‘impossible mission’, that is “to prevent Italy from exiting the war against central empires – the author recalls – and, at the same time, to lay the foundations for an occult system, based on transversal, loyal power groups to the Windsor Crown, thus securing the vital interests of the British Empire in the Mediterranean and the Near East. ”
“With the consent of London – continues the journalist – Sir Hoare creates the archetype of a political and paramilitary movement that soon leads to the Italian Fascist combat, led by Benito Mussolini. He is the prototype of the ‘strategy of tension’ as a model. terrorist “. Funded by the Secret Service, since the beginning of 1918, with the code name of “The Count”, the future leader conquers power in October 1922 and establishes a mass authoritarian regime that will influence the international scenario during the twentieth century “.
“And it is thanks to the papers from Sir Samuel Hoare’s personal archive – declassified in 2001 and kept in the library of the University of Cambridge in England – Cereghino specifies – that we were able to reconstruct this incredible and disturbing spy story in ‘Black of London’. , which highlights for the first time the secret connections between Mussolini and His Majesty’s intelligence services, as well as the grave responsibilities of the UK’s conservative establishment “. (continues)
Giacomo Matteotti, after the crime his papers are still unobtainable today
A very embarrassing story. “Above all because – Cereghino and Fasanella still emphasize – it obscures the epic built by English propaganda, starting from the Second World War, based on the representation of England as the only, inflexible bulwark against Nazi-fascism and the Axis powers”, resizing between the other is not just the greatness of the figure of Churchill. And also because the ‘Hoare model’ “made school in other eras, temporally closer to us and in completely different contexts” “.
There is a part – for us Italians – particularly compelling, about the disappearance of Giacomo Matteotti’s bag, which in some way recalls the disappearance of Judge Paolo Borsellino’s Red Agenda. It contained documents still untraceable, 100 years after one of the most heinous political crimes. “It is undeniable that those papers are still kept in the secret archives of the Naval Intelligence Division in London and in those of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Department of State in Washington – the researchers say – Their disappearance following the Matteotti kidnapping allows Mussolini to build his twenty-year regime and from the British conservatives to hide their responsibilities “.
Now the prophecy of the writer George Orwell contained in his review of the ‘piece’ “The Trial of Mussolini” published by the British magazine “Tribune” in 1943 makes sense. The great author wishes “Churchill and the conservative politicians of his circle ( and therefore also to Sir Samuel Hoare) that the Italian dictator quickly die, perhaps at the hands of the Italians themselves “. Otherwise, if the Duce had been jailed awaiting trial, he would have turned into a much more difficult ‘hero’ to defeat. “A prophecy – the two scholars ask – that would have come true fatally two years later (April 28, 1945 ed) on the shores of Lake Como”. (by Rossella Guadagnini)