70 years ago, on May 29, 1953, the first documented ascent of the world’s highest peak took place Everest.
The New Zealander of British descent Edmund Hillary and the Tibetan Sherpa Tenzing Norgay step on the cherished height of 8,849 m to 11:30 a.m., with about 15 minutes left. Hillary drapes the brow of Everest with the flags of New Zealand, Great Britain, Nepal and the United Nations. Buddhist Norgay thanks the gods by staying at the so-called third pole of the Earth chocolates. Hilary then takes pictures of the Sherpa, but he himself is left without photographs of this extraordinary moment, as Norgay was unable to take pictures. Curiously, before climbing the summit, Edmund Hillary vehemently objects to being with Norgay. Hillary was 33 at the time and the Sherpa was 39.
The name of the first peak was given nearly 160 years ago by a British officer and geologist, who called it so to pay tribute to his teachers, the cartographer George Everest, who worked in British India for 14 years. Everest declined the honor of having the peak named after him, but Andrew Waugh insisted. Previously, the highest peak was called Jomolungma, which translates as “Earth Goddess”.
Before climbing took hold of him, Hilary was engaged in beekeeping with his brother Rex and became an expert in this activity.
His mountaineering became a weakness even when he was a student full of complexes due to his short stature. Once, when the class was on a field trip to Mount Ruapehu, Edmund Hillary discovered that he was much more durable at climbing than his classmates, and this is what led him to the sport.
For the Everest expedition, he was invited by the British Himalayan Committee after conquering the peaks of the Alps.
Climbing Everest earned Hillary a knighthood at the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. On 6 June 1953, Hilary became a Knight of the Order of the British Empire 2nd Class, in 1987 she received the Order of New Zealand, on 22 April 1995 she became a Knight of the Garter. For 35 years, he led the charity organization he founded. A number of streets, schools and organizations in New Zealand and overseas are named in his honour. In 1992, 5 dollar New Zealand notes were issued with his face. In 2003, in honor of the 50th anniversary of the ascent of Everest, he became the only honorary citizen of Nepal.
Edmund Hillary dies aged 88 of heart failure.
Sherpa Norgay was born in the foothills of Tibet to a Sherpa family.
Before going with Hillary to Everest, he participated in at least five failed expeditions.
After his triumphant ascent to the summit, he was greeted as a national hero in India and Nepal.
In the following years, Tenzing Norgay ran a mountaineering training center in Darjeeling, and in 1978 he founded his own company, Tenzing Norgay Adventures.
He died in 1986 at the age of 71.
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