Alzheimer’s, a serious health challenge for an aging Mexico

Alzheimer’s, a serious health challenge for an aging Mexico

2023-09-21 21:30:17

In Mexico one million 300 thousand people have this disease,
The WHO estimates that by 2030 there will be 78 million people in the world with Alzheimer’s, as it is the most common dementia, representing between 60 and 70% of cases.

Detecting early symptoms such as loss of memory to remember recent or newly learned events, problems concentrating and confusion are signs of Alzheimer’s alert.

According to the INEGI Population and Housing Census, in 2020, 15.1 million people aged 60 or over resided in Mexico, that is, 12% of the total population. A figure that is expected to reach 15% in 2030 and around 23% in 2050.

Demographic figures show Mexico as an aging country that must challenge Alzheimer’s, since according to the World Health Organization it is the most common form of dementia and can represent between 60 and 70% of cases.

“Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative brain disease that causes the deterioration of memory, thinking and behavior of those who suffer from it. It is estimated that in Mexico one million 300 thousand people have this disease, which has no cure and produces the progressive death of neurons,” explained Dr. Miriam Jiménez, member of the Mexican Academy of Neurology and medical director of Biogen Mexico.

That is why, within the framework of the World Alzheimer’s Daywhich is commemorated every September 21, it is necessary to talk about this disease which, combined with the patient’s condition, has an important physical, emotional, economic and social impact on the caregiver, since the patient cannot be without support from another person, added the specialist.

“This is a condition that has no cure. Around the world, researchers are working to explore the causes that produce it, as well as to find medical alternatives to delay the deterioration of these patients, which is manifested by memory loss to the point from progressing to losing the ability to respond to the environment, as well as physical deterioration that can even make them unable to walk, speak and swallow.”

Information from the National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery maintains that the disease affects elderly men and women equally, approximately 10% over 65 years of age and 45% over 85 years of age, although it can manifest itself in young people.

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Dr. Jiménez pointed out that there are two types of Alzheimer’s: early-onset and late-onset.

“In early or familial onset, the signs appear for the first time between 30 and 65 years of age, it is rare and is directly related to a hereditary issue. In the case of late-onset Alzheimer’s, it is the most common form and occurs in people aged 60 and older, so we can say that aging is nothing more than a risk factor, not necessarily a condition for suffering from this disease.” .

Old age, genetic predisposition, an unhealthy lifestyle and a sedentary lifestyle are some of the risk factors; However, detecting early symptoms such as memory loss in remembering recent or newly learned events, concentration problems, and confusion; They can help provide medical management that allows controlling behavioral alterations, although not curing them.

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