Domestic software preinstallation law
Amendments to the law “On consumer protection” (the so-called law on mandatory pre-installation of software) were adopted in 2019. According to the bylaws to it, software from the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union must be installed on all smartphones, tablets, laptop and stationary computers, and also Smart TV, which will be sold in Russia from April 1, 2021.
The list of applications includes browsers, antivirus and mapping software, instant messengers, mail agents and agents of online cinemas, the application of the State Services service, the application of the Mir Pay payment system, etc. The number of required programs varies depending on the type of devices (most of them are on Android -smartphones – 16 items). The mandatory list approved by the government earlier this year includes products from Yandex, Mail.ru Group, Kaspersky Lab, Rostelecom, Channel One and other major Russian Internet and media companies.
In March 2021, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law that introduces fines for selling gadgets without Russian software preinstalled. According to the document, the fine for officials can range from 30 to 50 thousand rubles, for legal entities – from 50 to 200 thousand rubles. The law comes into force on July 1, 2021.