Cardiac resuscitation maneuvers can already be learned at school –

from Chiara Daina

To make all schools aware of the importance of first aid measures and the use of the semi-automatic external defibrillator, the Ministry of Education has launched an ad hoc campaign called I care about you

Resuscitation maneuvers can be learned from an early age. School is the best place to teach her. We prepare them to be ready to save the lives of others and to immediately overcome the fear of not succeeding or of doing damage, says Maria Amodeo, head teacher of the Giulio Natta Higher Institute of Bergamo, which since 2014 has been organizing courses for cardiopulmonary resuscitation for students and teachers and participates in the Ti make your heart beat faster with the defibrillator project, in collaboration with the Regional Agency for Emergency-Urgency (Areu) of Lombardy, which consists of one day per year (for 2022 it was 1 October ) training in the use of the semi-automatic external defibrillator (dae) which allows 18-year-olds to obtain the license. We have ten devices distributed in the three complexes of the institute. One donated by the ministry of education, the others by the Red Cross and Areu, and we bought two – continues Amodeo -. The course on life-saving techniques lasts ten hours, while the one for the use of the dae 4 hours, two of theory and two of practice with a final test.

To sensitize all schools in the boot, of all levels, on the importance of disseminating first aid measures and the use of the semi-automatic external defibrillator, the Ministry of Education has launched an ad hoc campaign called I care about you, with a dedicated web page and a series of video testimonials from schools that have already set up training experiences on what to do in the event of cardiac arrest. In Italy every year there are about 60 thousand victims of sudden cardiac arrest and in Europe over 400 thousand – recalls Silvia Scelsi, president of the Italian resuscitation council (Irc), the Italian scientific society for cardiopulmonary resuscitation -. These deaths could be avoided if intervened in the first 5-10 minutes. For every minute that passes, you lose a ten percent chance of recovering your heartbeat. If the resuscitation maneuvers are performed immediately before the ambulance arrives, the chances of survival double or triple points out Scelsi.

With the law 116 of 2021 everyone, even those who have not followed a preparatory course, are authorized to practice resuscitation maneuvers and to use a defibrillator but only under the instructions of the 112/118 operator during the call to the emergency-urgency system. , awaiting the arrival of emergency vehicles. The Ministry of Education has allocated over eight million euros for the purchase and installation of these tools in schools. But a national survey of the total number of devices already present in the school premises has not yet been carried out. The institute interested in proposing cardiorespiratory resuscitation courses to pupils and teachers can contact the local emergency service 118/112, or even the nearest hospital, which will make experts available for training. Alternatively, you can go directly to the training bodies such as the Red Cross and some scientific societies, including the IRC, or you can ask for help from the territorial school office suggests the president of the IRC, who on her website provides a didactic kit on cardiopulmonary resuscitation and unblocking techniques that allows teachers to bring children closer to this issue. For any request for information, however, the ministry invites you to send an email to [email protected] Training activities already carried out or in progress can also be reported at the same address. The goal is to create an online network of stories by stimulating virtuous circles of emulation. And by posting a video or a photo with the hashtag #mistaiacuore you can participate in the dicastery’s future social initiatives.

When is the first aid intervention necessary?

The warning signs to recognize are sudden loss of consciousness, a pale face and shortness of breath, which can be seen by observing the absence of movement of the chest – explains Scelsi -. If the person is not conscious but is still breathing, the maneuvers should not be started. In both situations, the first thing to do is to immediately call the emergency number 112/118. Then, if the person is not breathing, resuscitation is done. On the web page dedicated to the campaign there is a graphic kit to download, which contains a card with the first steps to be taken in case of emergency: assess whether the environment is safe for oneself and the person in danger; check if the person you are assisting is conscious and breathing; call or have someone else call 112 or 118; send someone to fetch the AED if there is one nearby; start heart massage; turn on the defibrillator and follow the instructions.

October 2, 2022 (change October 2, 2022 | 08:04)


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