The 2020 was a ‘very difficult’ year for culture. All the indicators have collapsed and cultural institutions and enterprises have suffered enormous repercussions. But the sector is alive and ready to restart with new perspectives, responsibilities and proposals, but also with the aim of playing a central role in the country’s recovery plans.
This, in a nutshell, is the photograph taken by 17th Annual Report FederCulture 2021 ‘Impresa Cultura’ which, not surprisingly, has two imperatives as its subtitle: ‘design and restart’, presented this morning in Rome at Palazzo Massimo in the presence of the Minister of Culture Dario Franceschini.
Only the books sector did well. The months of confinement and the contingency of other activities have done bring Italians closer to reading The share of readers – at least one book a year – is in fact in 2020 increased by 3.5%, going back to a value that had not been recorded for six years. An increase that is recorded in particular among children aged 6-10, and in the groups of adults between 25 and 44 years and which concerns all types of reading and purchases from traditional paper books to e-books.
The scenario of 2020, explains FederCulture, is truly that ofdose horribilis who was already afraid twelve months ago. The indicators are all negative: the expenditure of Italian families for culture and recreation collapses to 56 billion euros overall (it was over 73 billion in 2019), a value that goes back to 2000, twenty years ago, when the same item was precisely of the same size.
At the level of average monthly expenditure the decrease was 26%, the item of expenditure for recreation, entertainment and culture goes from 127 to 93 euros per month, with sub-items vacation packages and recreational and cultural services which lost 56.8% and 37.3% respectively.
It is not surprising, FederCulture argues, that all the indicators relating to the participation and cultural enjoyment of citizens in all areas are also negative, with double-digit decreases: among the highest concerts and theater -23%, museums -14%. To these are added the ” absences ” of tourists which penalize museum use in particular: state sites recorded a -75.6%. The tourism itself, moreover, sees a loss of 27 billion (-61%) in terms of spending by foreign tourists, whose arrivals drop from 65 to 16 million, marking -74%.