Usually, we find them seated side by side in the official galleries or on church pews, for funerals, forever united by protocol. Not this time: Nicolas Sarkozy and François Hollande did not meet at the symposium on institutions organized by the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences at the Institut de France, Wednesday, September 28, and to which they were both invited. The first came before lunch, and the second after. One after another, they tried to answer the same question – “Should we reform our political institutions?” – in front of an assembly of academicians, including the “tsarina” Hélène Carrère d’Encausse, permanent secretary of the French Academy, and the chancellor of the Institute, Xavier Darcos.
Although he defended most of the measures contained in his 2008 constitutional reform, in particular the ” hit “ the establishment of the priority question of constitutionality, the famous “QPC”, Nicolas Sarkozy agreed that the limitation to two presidential terms was not self-evident. Even if he considers this provision rather wise: “Power is dangerous, you get used to it, he launched. But after ten years, we no longer hear… we become closed off. Limitation is protection. » On the other hand, he does not believe that the fact of not being able to represent himself is likely to immediately undermine the authority of the re-elected president. “If your authority is undermined, it is because you are fragile”he observed, not without a touch of perfidy, while the question of the succession of Emmanuel Macron is now irrigating the current majority.
“It is important to have a political breathing space”
“It is already not easy to be re-elected…, continued with a smile François Hollande, to be twice, that would give ideas, but bad ideas”. The socialist advocates a renewable six-year term, in order to “give time” to the president to carry out reforms and conduct foreign policy, while bringing his mandate closer to that of the presidents of departmental and regional councils. On the other hand, he said he was in favor of a shorter mandate (four years) for deputies, which would make it possible to decouple the presidential and legislative elections. “It is important to have a political breathing space”he argued.
“The Prime Minister today is no longer the leader of the majority: he no longer comes from the National Assembly but from the President”, explains François Hollande
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