When the criteria are evaluated “obesity” The new model is not just a measure of body mass index alone by Dr. Thongchai. Lertwilairattanapong Deputy Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Public Health Provide information on 18 Aug. 65 that Thailand has now stepped intofully aged societyThen, to make people step into an aging society with quality It is necessary to start from promoting good health from “working age” until “old age”.
One of the ways to promote health for the Thai population is Assessment and surveillance of risk factors before the occurrence of chronic non-communicable diseases This will affect the living of working age to the elderly.
In addition, data from the 5th Thai people’s health survey during the year 2014-2015 found that the majority of the population had a normal BMI. but has too much waistline But when switching to the criterion “The normal waist circumference is less than the height divided by two.” It was found that 4.9 percent of the Thai population was overweight.
Therefore, the primary health assessment based on body mass index criteria alone Therefore, not all obesity risk groups can be screened. The Ministry of Public Health has established new criteria for assessing obesity. to encourage people of working age and the elderly have good nutrition and good health by driving the use of two assessment criteria, namely
1) Body Mass Index (BMI)
2) The normal waist circumference does not exceed the height divided by two.
In this way, it can be indicated More precisely, “belly fatness,” which is the cause of other chronic non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease.
The BMI for Asians of working age and the elderly still uses the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, which are normal values between 18.5 and 22.9 kilograms per square meter, while the normal “waist circumference” criteria must not exceed. Your height is divided by two. by using it together for both working age people and the elderly
The Department of Health, Ministry of Public Health Together with network partners, namely Ramathibodi Hospital, Chulalongkorn University, the Institute of Nutrition Mahidol University, the Thai People without Belly Network, the Heart Association of Thailand, Sapasitthiprasong Hospital, Ubon Ratchathani, the Dietetic Association of Thailand, the Dietetic Association of Thailand. Thailand and Thai Health Promotion Foundation
have jointly established the criteria for assessing nutritional status of working people and the elderly so that they can be used to assess themselves to know their health status for better health behavior modification by setting criteria “The lap itself is less than the height divided by two”
In addition, the Department of Health also has recommendations for working age groups and the elderly who want to “lose fat, reduce belly” can improve their health in the following ways:
- eat food on time Emphasis on diversity in all 5 groups
- Eat a 2:1:1 ratio: 2 parts colorful vegetables, 1 part low-fat meat, 1 part rice or flour.
- Reduce eating sweet, oily, salty foods, tea, coffee, bakery snacks.
- Drink at least 8 glasses or 2 liters of water per day.
- Exercise 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week.
- Make your mind fresh and clear. try not to stress don’t be distracted
Reference: Department of Health, Ministry of Public Health