Khawla Ali (Dubai)
The family is the first nucleus responsible for the mental health of children, and it is the social institution on which their well-being relies, as it constitutes the essence of their personality and the extent of their integrity or misbehavioral and psychological behavior. The role of the school is no less important, in how to reorient the student and correct his path by providing an incubating educational environment capable of achieving mental health, which is an important element in building a healthy generation that is able to overcome difficulties, face its problems and build its future. How do we achieve the mental health of students? What is the responsibility of the family and the role of the school in that? What do social workers and academic advisors say?
Social worker Fatima Al-Dhanhani explains that mental health represents a scientific basis on which the cohesion of society and its safety from mental disorders and behavioral deviations is based. The importance of school mental health lies in understanding, controlling and directing behavior, to make the student more able to develop his energies and skills. The impact of mental health on the student extends through comprehension and understanding of the lessons and then academic achievement. The safety of the student’s mental health increases his self-confidence and self-esteem, supports his ability to make sound decisions, and avoids dangerous behaviors.
Al-Dhanhani stated that there are internal reasons that negatively affect the student’s psyche, including his weak abilities and the effort he exerts, and the educational difficulties that cause him anxiety and tension, which results in depression and despair in dealing with others, and thus the loss of the ability to focus.
Al-Dhanhani refers to the role of the school community in promoting the mental health of the student, through the teacher who can discover cases that need academic or social support, then comes the role of school counseling and guidance through social and psychological specialists who have the responsibility to spread awareness of the values and social skills that must be students, and help them overcome learning difficulties, and find a policy of encouragement and discipline suitable for them, not forgetting the importance of activating activities, events and school trips that help improve the student’s psychology and enhance his self- and societal skills in dealing with others.
The importance of entertainment
Dr. Ahmed Al-Amoush, a professor of sociology, believes that mental health enables the student to cope with school pressures, and improves his educational, social and cultural abilities, as it is affected by a group of surrounding factors, including the disintegration of the family, and the student’s exposure to abuse and violence at school among his classmates, which makes mental health a capable system. To achieve the student’s well-being and happiness, and enhance his ability to adapt to his school environment. Foundations and controls must be established within the school environment to preserve the mental health of the student, with the importance of family participation in achieving this. Al-Amoush stresses the need to develop preventive programs for mental health by giving lectures, organizing educational workshops, and motivating and encouraging students, with the entertainment component, which is an important part of this framework.
Fatima Al-Zaabi, a specialist in human development and self-development, confirms that the school plays a major role in shaping the student’s personality. Because it is considered his second home, and an extension of the family with all its positives, it may work to correct the mistakes that the family sometimes commits against the children.
She says: The school plays a role in the student’s acquisition of knowledge, skills, and psychological attitudes, which in turn contribute to shaping his personal aspects, such as enhancing self-confidence and self-esteem, and involving him in extra-curricular activities and programs, such as volunteer work and national, religious and social events at the school or community level. The school also develops opportunities for him Social interaction with colleagues and with the educational and administrative staff. The more the student feels social security and reassurance, the more integrated he is with his classmates.
Communication and dialogue
Teacher Fatima Al-Hosani indicates that mental health is represented in the individual’s ability to adapt to himself and the society in which he lives, and to build positive relationships with others. School is also considered the most influential environment for students’ mental health after the family, and it is important to communicate and continuous dialogue with students to give them space. It is safe to reveal their problems and help them solve them hand in hand with the school administration, as these are the future and the sound seed for building a healthy, safe and positive society. Al Hosani believes that the role begins with the teacher as a link between the student, the school administration and the family, and he must simplify the lessons and take into account the individual differences between students and support those who have learning difficulties and take their hand in order to overcome these difficulties, and reward the distinguished by encouraging them to continue excelling.
Fatima Al Hosani talks about the importance of forming friendships between students and respecting each other, and encouraging them to participate in competitive and recreational games that develop life skills, instill self-confidence, and avoid isolation, so that they are not subject to bullying and ridicule. Parents should instill moral values in the hearts of their children, not discriminate between them, accompany them, dialogue with them, listen to their problems and solve them using modern scientific methods, in addition to following up on the school administration and teachers, to get to know the level of education of their children and the extent of their response within the classroom, with the need to move away from the policy of intimidation and violence, and follow Lean policy and endear them to study to achieve their goals.
Sheikha Al-Naqbi (a guardian) explains that the family represents the basic nucleus for achieving the mental health of their children, and advises parents to avoid domestic violence and to take into account the changes that the son is going through and contain it, so that he grows up in stable conditions psychologically and socially.
It stresses the need for the family to unite with the school to protect children from forms of psychological harm, without neglecting the role of the teacher, who has a great responsibility to make students more balanced and willing to learn, in addition to identifying the reasons for the student’s academic failure, the isolation that he may impose on himself and his desire to withdraw away. about his peers.