Nutrition in infancy. When to introduce complementary foods?

by time news

2023-06-03 18:01:34

Mother’s milk is the ideal food for a newborn baby. It is rich in substances necessary for the normal growth and development of the child.

Through milk, the mother also transfers antibodies, substances that are necessary for the child to protect against infections.

Breastfeeding is also very important in terms of strengthening the emotional bond between mother and child.

The composition of mother’s milk changes with the age of the child, adapting to the requirements of his organism.

Breastfeeding should be started from the first hours of a child’s life.

The mother’s diet does not affect the main components of breast milk. During the period of breastfeeding, it is necessary to avoid sharp spices and the use of alcohol.

The child can be fed 10-12 times a day, each lasting up to 20-30 minutes. Night feedings are very important.

A breastfed baby does not need additional water.

If for some reason it is not possible to breastfeed, then the child should be given a formula adapted to his age.

Cow’s or goat’s milk should not be given, because it can cause iron deficiency in the baby, as well as lead to various digestive problems.

A baby who eats artificial formula can be fed 8-10 times a day. In this case, water should be given between feedings as required.

Every mother has enough milk for her baby. The lack of breast milk is mainly a consequence of bringing the baby to the breast late and incorrectly, as well as incorrect feeding techniques.

It is recommended to give additional food from 6 months. Starting both earlier and later can cause problems in the child’s digestive system, as well as deviations in eating behavior.

The right time to introduce additional food depends not only on the age of the child, but also on the stage of formation of sitting, holding the head and other developmental abilities.

Introducing complementary foods too early hinders the ability to get enough calories and also increases the risk of food allergies.

Children of early age do not have the coordination and skill to swallow extra food.

The introduction of additional food after 6 months reduces the risk of atopic dermatitis.

Introduction after 6 months can lead to poor growth of the child.

Cow’s milk and honey cannot be given until 12 months of age, because the risk of botulism is high at that age.

Additional food should be introduced gradually.

The first dish can be prepared from homogeneous, watery, one type of food. At first, the baby should be given 1-2 teaspoons between the main feedings, then gradually increase the dose to the amount needed for one feeding.

The number of additional feedings should be increased up to 3-5 times.

If the child has mastered the new food well, a new one can be prepared after 1 week.

You should start with vegetable or fruit puree. Food should be given with a spoon. The additional food of the child should be enriched with butter, vegetable oil. It is not recommended to add sugar or salt, as well as to give juices, until the age of 2 years.

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