October is the tenth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar and has 31 days. Its name comes from the Latin octo, which means eight, since it was the eighth month of the Roman calendar. It is a month of transition between summer and winter in which changes in temperature, light and color in nature are appreciated.
But What is celebrated in the month of October?
October 2 – International Day of Non-Violence
He International Day of Non-Violence is celebrated every year on October 2ndcoinciding with the anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi, the leader of the Indian independence movement and pioneer of the philosophy and strategy of nonviolence.
This day was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 2007 with the goal of spreading the message of nonviolence, especially through education and public awareness.
Nonviolence is the principle that rejects the use of physical violence to achieve social or political change. It is based on the idea that just means lead to just ends and that it is irrational to attempt to use violence to achieve a peaceful society. Nonviolence implies respect for human rights, tolerance, understanding and dialogue between the parties in conflict.
October 4 – International Animal Day
Each 4th of October is celebrated on International Animal Daycoinciding with the festival of San Francisco de Asis, the patron saint of animals and environmentalists. This date was established in 1929 by the World Organization for Animal Protection, in order to raise awareness among humanity about the importance of respecting and caring for all the creatures that share the planet with us.
Various activities are held on this day to promote animal welfare, conservation of endangered species, and environmental education, such as fundraising events for shelters and protective organizations, wildlife information exhibits, school projects related to animals and donations to animal charities.
October 5 – World Teachers’ Day
He World Teachers’ Day is celebrated every year on October 5th since 1994 with the aim of recognizing the work and value of education professionals around the world. This date commemorates the anniversary of the signing of the ILO and UNESCO Recommendation concerning the Status of Teachers in 1966, which establishes the principles and standards to guarantee the rights and responsibilities of teachers, as well as their training, recruitment, employment and working conditions.
It is an occasion to reflect on the challenges and opportunities facing the teaching profession in the current context.
UNESCO and its partners have already urged governments to prioritize teachers in education recovery plans, ensuring their participation, protection, training and support.
October 10 – World Mental Health Day
He October 10th commemorates the World Mental Health Day with the aim of raising awareness about the importance of taking care of people’s psychological and emotional well-being.
Mental health is a state of balance between the individual and their environment that allows them to develop their potential, face difficulties and enjoy life. According to World Health Organization (WHO), mental health is an essential component of health and a fundamental human right.
However, millions of people around the world suffer from some type of mental disorder, such as depression, anxiety or addictions, which affect their quality of life and their ability to participate in society. For this reason, World Mental Health Day seeks to raise awareness among the population and governments about the need to promote policies and programs that prevent, detect and treat mental problems, as well as guarantee the respect and inclusion of people who suffer from them. they suffer.
October 12 – Hispanic Heritage Day
He Hispanic Heritage Day It is a national holiday celebrated on October 12 ° in Spain and in some Latin American countries. This date commemorates the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus in 1492, which marked the beginning of contact between Europe and the New World. Columbus Day also represents the union of Spanish cultures and languagesas well as the projection of Spain beyond its borders.
On this day, different official events are celebrated, among which the military parade presided by the King, accompanied by the Royal Family and representatives of the powers of the State and the autonomous communities, stands out.
The Spanish Armed Forces participate in this parade, showing their loyalty to the Crown and the Spanish people. Hispanic Heritage Day is an occasion to celebrate the diversity and richness of Spanish identity, as well as to remember the history and legacy of Spain in the world.
October 17 – International Day for the Eradication of Poverty
He October the 17th is he International Day for the Eradication of Povertya date that seeks to raise awareness in the world about the situation of millions of people who live in conditions of extreme poverty and violation of their human rights.
This day was recognized by the United Nations in 1992, inspired by the call made in 1987 by Father Joseph Wresinski, founder of the ATD Fourth World International Movement, to commemorate the victims of poverty, hunger, violence and fear.
Poverty is not just a lack of income, but a multidimensional phenomenon that affects all areas of human life. The October 17 celebration It is an opportunity to listen to and value the voices and experiences of people living in poverty, as well as to recognize their role as agents of change to eradicate poverty.
October 19 – International Breast Cancer Day
Each October 19 is celebrated on International Breast Cancer Day with the aim of raising awareness about the prevention and early diagnosis of this disease that affects millions of women and men around the world.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), breast cancer is the most common tumor in women in both developed and developing countries. A new case is diagnosed every 30 seconds.
This pathology could be cured if it is detected in time, so it is essential to carry out periodic check-ups and be attentive to possible symptoms. Breast self-examination, mammography, and ultrasound are some of the tools that can help identify abnormalities in breast tissue.
October 21 – World Energy Saving Day
He World Energy Saving Day is celebrated every October 21 to raise awareness among the population about the importance of reducing energy consumption and using renewable sources to protect the environment and climate. This date was established by the World Energy Forum in 2012within the framework of its inaugural meeting in Dubai.
Saving energy involves adopting habits and measures that optimize the use of electricity, gas, oil and other non-renewable resources, which are limited and generate polluting emissions.
This savings not only benefits the planet, but also our economy and our health. By consuming less energy, we reduce our electricity bill, we help avoid energy dependence on other countries, we reduce air pollution, we improve air quality and we prevent respiratory and cardiovascular diseases.
October 24 – International Day Against Climate Change
Each October 24thsince 2009, the International Day Against Climate Change with the aim of raising awareness, raising awareness and warning about the consequences of climate change and the risks that it causes for all life on the planet.
Climate change is any significant change in the planet’s climate system, which lasts for decades or longer and affects large areas of territory. It is mainly due to greenhouse gas emissions, which come from the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, intensive agriculture and livestock farming, among other human activities.
The consequences of climate change are increasingly evident and serious, making it urgent to take action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, adapt to the effects of climate change and promote a transition towards a low-carbon economy and a society. more sustainable.
October 31 halloween
Halloween It is a festival that is celebrated on 31 October, the eve of All Saints’ Day. Its origin dates back to the ancient Celtic tradition of Samhain, which marked the end of summer and the beginning of winter.
The Celts believed that, on that night, the border between the world of the living and the world of the dead became thinner and the spirits could return to earth. To scare them away, they lit bonfires and disguised themselves with masks and dark clothes.
Over time, the festival mixed with other cultural influences, such as Roman, Christian and American. Thus, elements such as pumpkins carved with faces, candles, sweets, games and jokes were incorporated.
Nowadays, Halloween is a popular holiday in many countries, especially in the United States, where houses are decorated with terrifying motifs and children go out to ask for sweets in the streets with the famous “trick or treat.”
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