The ceremony of signing the code of ethics in the field of artificial intelligence (CESII) is scheduled for October 26 in the framework of the first international forum “Ethics of Artificial Intelligence: The Beginning of Trust”. It is planned to involve officials from the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation and the federal government, as well as representatives of companies participating in the alliance in the field of AI: Gazprom Neft, MTS, the Russian Direct Investment Fund, Sberbank, Yandex, the Internet holding VK (formerly Mail.ru Group) …
The idea of drawing up a moral and ethical code in the field of AI was submitted by Russian President Vladimir Putin, speaking on December 4, 2020 at the plenary session of the AI Journey international online conference. “In addition to various administrative and legislative restrictions, it seems to me that we need to think about how to develop an internal moral and ethical code of work for the environment. [ИИ]… It is used in many environments, ”Putin said (quoted by TASS).
Alliance companies, representatives of the Analytical Center for the Government of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia, the expert and academic community participated in the development of the code.
In September, the document was discussed in the Public Chamber and the Federation Council. As a result, “a lot of proposals were received and numerous amendments were made to the draft code,” says one of the interlocutors of Vedomosti. Some of them survived in the text published on the alliance website earlier. For example, the original formulation of one of the principles of using artificial intelligence stated that AI technologies should be implemented where it would benefit people, and was reformulated by Yandex as follows: “AI technologies should be used for their intended purpose and implemented where it would be useful people “. A spokesman for Yandex’s press service called this revision editorial, not semantic.
The code’s recommendations are designed for artificial intelligence systems used exclusively for civilian, non-military purposes, as stated in the text. According to the code, participants in relations in the field of artificial intelligence are domestic and foreign developers, customers, suppliers, operators of artificial intelligence systems, regulators, as well as other persons who may affect artificial intelligence. To implement the provisions of the code, a commission will be created, which will include representatives of the business community, science and government agencies. In addition, signatory companies will have to appoint AI ethics officers among their employees to oversee the company’s compliance with the code. And to analyze the most controversial issues, companies will gather an internal ethics commission in the field of artificial intelligence. According to the code, businesses will maintain a set of best and worst practices for addressing ethical issues that arise in the life cycle of artificial intelligence. Access to this collection will be public.
The Code also encourages businesses to conscientiously inform their users of their interactions with artificial intelligence systems when it affects human rights and critical areas of their lives, and to ensure that such interactions can be terminated at the request of the individual. Responsibility for the consequences of the use of artificial intelligence systems should remain with the person, not the machine, the document emphasizes.
The Code recommends companies to cooperate with each other to identify and verify information on how to create universal artificial intelligence systems and prevent threats they pose. Such systems are also called “strong” AI or Artificial General Intelligence (Time.news). The use of strong AI technologies should be under the control of the state, the code says.
“Strong artificial intelligence is a concept that conditionally presupposes the creation of a kind of superintelligence,” one of the developers of the code explained to Vedomosti. – This is a universal artificial intelligence that is able to solve various problems and endlessly improves itself without human participation. Many believe that it is still a hundred years before it, and some do not believe at all in the possibility of its creation. ” The mention of a strong AI was apparently included in the code in case of its creation in Russia, he suggested.
Alexander Khanin, head of MTS AI, told Vedomosti that the signing of the AI code of ethics is a “natural step” for the company. The development of legal and ethical norms for the use of AI was required to protect fundamental human rights and freedoms after the prospect of creating a superweapon with artificial intelligence and the possibility of fraud using AI appeared in the world. “[Подписание кодекса этики в сфере ИИ] will not affect business in any way, because we initially have a civilian business and does not violate human rights and freedoms in any way, ”Khanin said.