On Wednesday, November 24th, the book of history records, among other things:
496: Anastasius II is enthroned as his successor just three days after the death of Pope Gelasius I.
1741: After a palace revolution against the Russian regent Anna, Elisabeth, daughter of Peter I the Great and Catherine I, ascends the throne as tsarina. (She names her nephew Peter von Holstein-Gottorp as heir to the throne and marries him to Princess Sophie von Anhalt-Zerbst, who later became Catherine II the Great.)
1911: World premiere of the operetta “Eva” by Franz Lehár at the Theater an der Wien.
1936: Sergei Prokofiev’s ballet “Romeo and Juliet” will be premiered in Moscow.
1936: The Frenchman Maurice Claisse reached the world record altitude of 158 m with a Bréguet coaxial helicopter “Gyroplane”.
1941: In Theresienstadt (Terezín) in the “Reich Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia” the Nazi occupiers set up a Jewish ghetto. From the beginning of 1942 this became a collection camp for Jews over 65 years of age (“old age ghetto”) and a transit camp for the transport of Jews from Central and Western Europe to the extermination camps.
1951: The musical “Gigi”, based on a novel by Colette, will premiere on Broadway with Audrey Hepburn in the lead role.
1971: Norway and Denmark are the first NATO members to establish diplomatic relations with North Vietnam.
1976: Ten provinces in eastern Turkey are hit by an earthquake, killing almost 4,000 people.
1991: In early parliamentary elections in Belgium, the right-wing extremists recorded significant votes.
2001: Hundreds of Taliban fighters surrender to the troops of the Afghan Northern Alliance in Kunduz.
Birthdays: Ludwig Bechstein, German poet, historian and archivist (1801-1860); Johann Ochsenbein, black. Politician and French general (1811-1890); Carlo Collodi (originally C. Lorenzini), Italian writer (1826-1890); Ludwig Erasmus Gottsleben, east. Actor and writer (1836-1911); August Bier, German surgeon (1861-1949); Hanns Jäger-Sunstenau, east. Historian and archivist (1911-2008); John Lindsay, US lawyer and politician (1921-2000); Pete Best, British musician and first drummer for the Beatles (1941); Cyril Svoboda, Czech politician (1956); Arundhaty Roy, Ind. Writer (1961); Hartmut Engler, German pop musician; Singer and lyricist of the pop group “Pur” (1961).
Days of Death: Franz Moritz Graf von Lacy, east. Field Marshal (1725-1801); Marcus DuMont, German publisher (1784-1831); Konstantin Leontjew, Russian philosopher (1831-1891); Axel Wenner-Gren, Swedish entrepreneur (1881-1961); Freddie Mercury (formerly Frederick Bulsara), British rock singer (1946-1991); Ludwig Hirsch, east Songwriter / actor (1946-2011); Melanie Thornton, US / Ger. Pop singer (1967-2001).
Name days: Virgil, Chrysogonus, Modestus, Flora, Albert, Johannes, Emilie, Herta, Balsam, Mercurius.