On Saturday, October 23rd, the book of history records, among other things:
1641: In Ulster, thousands of English and Scottish new settlers are killed in a bloody uprising by the Catholic Irish against the British Crown.
1781: German premiere of the opera “Iphigenie auf Tauris” by Christoph Willibald Gluck in Vienna.
1906: Georges Clemenceau, previously Minister of the Interior, becomes French Prime Minister.
1911: First military use of an aircraft during the Italo-Turkish War (1911-12): The Italian Captain Piazza undertakes a reconnaissance flight over a Turkish military camp from Tripoli.
1946: Opening of the first General Assembly of the United Nations in Lake Success on Long Island (US state New York).
1956: Foundation of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in New York.
1961: The “Kukuruzwette” bet (concluded in 1960) between the Soviet head of government Nikita Khrushchev and the Lower Austrian governor Leopold Figl about the quality of the maize is in favor of Austria due to the harvest results.
1986: The former dictator of the Central African Republic and self-proclaimed “Emperor” Bokassa, who was overthrown in 1979, is arrested on his voluntary return from exile and charged with mass murder.
1986: The mountaineer Reinhold Messner reports in the Nepalese capital Kathmandu that he saw a “snowman” while climbing Lhotse in the Himalayas.
1991: In Paris, the Cambodian civil war parties sign an agreement on a UN-controlled ceasefire.
1996: Archaeologists claim to have discovered the former palace of the Egyptian Queen Cleopatra and her Roman lover Antonius in the eastern part of the Mediterranean port of Alexandria.
1996: Pope John Paul II recognizes the Darwinian evolution theory as compatible with the Christian faith.
2001: The social partners agree on “14 cornerstones” for “new clearance”, which the Presidents Christoph Leitl (Chamber of Commerce), Fritz Verzetnitsch (ÖGB) and Herbert Tumpel (AK) present (entry into force on July 1, 2002).
2006: The state celebrations for the 50th anniversary of the 1956 revolution in Hungary are overshadowed by violent anti-government demonstrations in Budapest. Around a hundred people are injured.
2006: For his role in the scandalous bankruptcy of the US energy company Enron, the former CEO Jeffrey Skilling is sentenced to more than 24 years in prison.
2011: The Islamist Ennahda party wins the elections for the constituent assembly in Tunisia by a large margin. However, the absolute majority misses it and is therefore dependent on cooperation with other parties. Ennahda compares himself to the Turkish ruling party AKP and wants to respect women’s rights.
Birthdays: Albert Lortzing, German composer (1801-1851); Louis Ferdinand von Rayski, German painter (1806-1890); Philip Rosenthal, German entrepreneur / politician (1916-2001); Helmut Krätzl, east. Bishop, Auxiliary Bishop of Vienna since 1977 (1931); Diana Dors, British actor and sex symbol (1931-1984); Igor Nikolajewitsch Smirnow, Transnistr. Politician; 1992-2011 President of the breakaway region of Transnistria in Moldova, which regards itself as independent but is not recognized as such internationally (1941); Andoni Zubizarreta Urreta, Spanish footballer (1961).
Days of Death: John Boyd Dunlop, Scottish Irish inventor (1840-1921); Joachim Werzlau, German composer (1913-2001); Pete Burns, British pop singer (1959-2016); Marco Simoncelli, Italian motorcycle racing driver (1987-2011).
Name days: Johannes, Oda, Severin, Herfried, Bertrand, Hans, Hannes, Jan, Uta, Ute, Theodor, Jakob, Heinrich.