twelve o’clock, November 19, 2021 – 07:30
On Saturday 20 November at PoliMiNa we will discuss innovation, plattform leadership and post-democracy
from Marco Demarco
Tecnoparties, plattform leadership, digital parties. We will talk about this – and also about Fedez, to be honest – tomorrow at PoliMiNa, the school of politics based in Milan and Naples. But since I write from Naples and follow the chronicles of this city and this region, I immediately thought of the Avellino case. Six thousand registrations to the Democratic Party in a single night. A suspicious record. A scam.
Apparently, the modern idea of an online membership was enough to rekindle the old mnever consumed fantasy of some notable. Political folklore? Let’s put it this way. If we widen our gaze, and from Avellino we take a look at Rome, where rags and splashes of mud fly, or in Milan, where a rapper has sent everyone into a tailspin, or at the whole world, things change. We need political forces that are up to date. Capable of courageous, well thought out, probably uncomfortable choices. And instead…
The point of reference for the discussion will be the latest issue of La Rivista di Digital Politics directed by Mauro Calise. And we will start from an indisputable fact. Everywhere the digital dimension is now the dominant one. This involves risks but also opportunities. It is therefore a question of understanding which attitude to adopt. Apocalyptic or integrated? The doubt the same as always. true, however, that in the meantime the scenario is further complicated. And here, then, another question. Can we still believe in democracy, even though we consider it to be in crisis in the face of the acceleration of history, or must we take it for compromise and prepare ourselves for a sort of analogical resistance? Those who believe that the crisis is “of” democracy speak of post-democracy, that is, of command structures that have ended up in the availability of a small elite, so that citizens do not have to decide – as has been said – whether to order Pepsi or Coca Cola . And, consequently, he also speaks of irremediably violated individual rights, of a new digital Leviathan, of neo-totalitarianism, of capitalism that is no longer industrial or financial, but which instead resides in the data that we ourselves give to those who know how to transform them into wealth. and power; data that often concern our own lives. For the apocalyptic, the prospect is that of a world reduced to disengagement, to a heap of documents, of testimonies of fragmented lives, of self-satisfied selfies, of photos of true gastronomic vouyerism. And the news? Those will be stolen, copied, manipulated, invented. This is indeed partly what is already happening in political communication.
Conversely, if we believe that the crisis is not “of” democracy, but “in” democracy, then everything changes, and the room for maneuver is reopened. To begin with, the need to reconnect public space and political space, society and the Palace becomes fundamental. Thus the centrality of politics returns. But how to avoid the distrust, apathy, resentment and cynicism of the electoral body? The signs of this democratic drift are many and evident. Absenteeism (we know something about it in Naples and Milan), the phenomenon of hit and run leaders, the waning phase of movements such as the Cinquestelle and the Sardines. Up to now we have tried to respond by sacrificing essential parts of democracy itself: political intermediation in the name of decisionism, pluralism in the name of pragmatism, parliamentarism in the name of efficiency, the autonomy of territories in the name of centralism, and even confrontation. between political opponents in the name of more reassuring monologues (by the way: is it possible that only the journalists of reference are getting caught in direct clashes?). And what if the response to the crisis did not come from a forced reduction of democracy but from its strengthening? I quote from the PoliMNa poster. If participation travels ever more – and ever faster – on the Net, what future can parties have while remaining on the margins of the web? Adapting to the new digital ecosystem, upsetting and renewing their organizational systems, this is the great transformation that awaits political parties in the coming years. Everything, then, except starting with a technologically fake membership.
November 19, 2021 | 07:30