The 2 most common types of cancer in Mexican women

The 2 most common types of cancer in Mexican women

2023-05-30 19:00:03

  • Tumors are the second cause of death in Mexico and the rest of the world, just below chronic-degenerative diseases.
  • One of the main problems with cancer is that most cases are diagnosed in advanced stages.
  • The mortality rate associated with tumors increases with age after 30 years.

A person’s health is influenced by biology related to sex, gender, and other social determinants. Similarly, lifestyle has a direct impact on developing some diseases. Among the wide variety of problems, the Cancer remains one of the most dangerous in the world, but do you know which are the most common types in Mexican women?

According to data from National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) Tumors are one of the leading causes of death in our country. The associated mortality rate increases with age from 30 years, finding in the latest published data 674.43 deaths for every 100 thousand women.

What are the most common types of cancer in Mexican women?

According to the 2020 statistics of the Globocanin Mexico the breast cancer ranks number one in frequency, followed by cervical cancer.

Breast cancer represents 28.2% of all diagnosed tumors, being the number one cause of death from cancer in Mexican women, representing 8.8% of all cases.

Second is the cervical cancer represented 8.9% of tumors in women and ranked fourth in mortality. The main risk factor is infection by the Human Papillomavirus (HPV), mainly associated with oncogenic (carcinogenic) subtypes.

Preventive actions that should be promoted

These types of cancer can be prevented by educating our population and encouraging them to go to routine medical check-ups. In the case of breast cancer, mammography is recommended for all women over 40 years of age, annually.

With respect to cervical cancer, we can divide the actions into primary prevention, which refers to vaccination against HPV for all girls in the 5th year of primary school or 11 years of age who are not in school, and as secondary prevention we have the recommended cervical cytology (Pap smear). from the beginning of sexual life.

There are other cancers in women, however they do not occur with the same frequency as those previously mentioned, such as endometrial cancer (uterine body) occupying fifth place in frequency and further down the list is ovarian cancer, which Despite not presenting so frequently, it tends to be a more aggressive tumor when it occurs in women over 60 years of age.

As mentioned above, it is known that between 30% and 50% of cancers can be detected early through regular medical check-ups. However, there are other risk factors related to the development of cancer such as overweight, obesity, alcohol and tobacco consumption, so the reduction of these factors is another important point to emphasize.

Also read:

The most common types of cancer in the world (and other essential facts you should know)

Human Papillomavirus can cause all of these cancers

Breast cancer in Mexico: 4 key points for its prevention and timely detection

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