Artificial intelligence is the new competition between superpowers. And China seems destined to take pole position, with the United States forced to chase. The picture is outlined by the analysis that Baia, a business unit of the United Group, prepared on the basis of the report published at the beginning of March in the United States. The document, 754 pages and 287,486 words, contains a message that can be summarized with an ‘alert’: the US is about to be overtaken by the Red Dragon in the field of artificial intelligence.
The National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence (NSCAI), a bipartisan commission composed of 15 experts in new technologies, businessmen, national security experts and researchers, has turned the spotlight on the competition that is destined to condition relationships and balances international: “America – this is the conclusion reached by the experts – is not ready to defend and compete in the era of artificial intelligence. This is a harsh reality that we must face”. In the report card, higher votes for China, in recent years identified by Washington and former President Donald Trump as a threat in the cybersecurity universe. “We know that the opponents are determined to turn the potential of artificial intelligence against us” and “we know that China is determined to overtake us in the leadership on artificial intelligence”.
The US-China competition can also be photographed with the tools of text network analysis, as Baia points out. Network analysis transforms a text into a graph, bringing the terms used together, removing the less correlated ones and dividing the entire document into homogeneous areas, thus bringing out the underlying thought. The study on the NSCAI document allows us to observe that the experts in the stars and stripes approach China with terms such as “overtaking”, “challenge”, “dominant hour”, “self-sufficiency”. The United States ends up on the other side of the coin, with “danger”, “addiction”, “import” but also “determination”. Beijing is often linked to “research”, “development”, “data” and “technology” in a context of dynamism, acceleration and progress.
“Now we must act”, is the conclusion of the Commission. An action made even more necessary by the belief that the tools provided by artificial intelligence will have an ever wider, more strategic and decisive application. If China ‘risks’ taking off by 2025 and leaving the US behind in a decade, Europe seems to be relegated – based on the analysis of the report – to the role of Cinderella. If the word China appears more than 500 times, Europe does not reach 100.