“There is a war going on for the mental destruction of our Motherland” – Picture of the Day – Kommersant

The State Duma and the Federation Council on Friday approved amendments to the Criminal Code, introducing punishment up to 15 years in prison for deliberately false reports about the use of the armed forces (AF), their public discrediting and calls to obstruct the activities of the army. Claims to the new norms arose only from Senator Lyudmila Narusova, who was worried because of the “blurring of definitions.” But this did not affect the unanimous vote for the amendments.

According to the new Art. 207.3 of the Criminal Code, spreading fakes about the use of the RF Armed Forces “in order to protect the interests of Russia and its citizens, maintain international peace and security” will face a fine of 0.7-1.5 million rubles. up to three years’ imprisonment.

The commission of the same acts using one’s official position, by a group of persons, or for reasons of political or other hatred, will be punishable by a fine of 3 million to 5 million rubles. or imprisonment for a term of five to ten years. In case of serious consequences, the term of imprisonment will be from 10 to 15 years.

Another new art. 280.3 of the Criminal Code introduces a fine of 100-300 thousand rubles. or imprisonment for up to three years for repeated “discrediting the use of the RF Armed Forces”, including “public calls to prevent their use”. In case of severe consequences, the fine will increase to 0.3-1 million rubles, and the prison term – up to five years. The first such violation will be punished by an administrative fine in the amount of 30 thousand to 50 thousand rubles, and under aggravating circumstances (calls for unauthorized actions, endangering the health of citizens and public order, etc.) – from 50 thousand to 100 thousand roubles.

“Literally the next day, the Nazis, Bandera would have come in”

An unscheduled meeting on March 4, the State Duma began with a moment of silence in memory of “our soldiers and officers who died in the line of military duty in Ukraine.” Before the discussion, Duma Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin recalled the purpose of the military operation.

“We all understand: if only the decision to start an operation with the participation of our armed forces had not been made, literally the next day Nazis and Bandera would have entered the territory of the DPR, LPR, with the support of NATO, they would do terrible things there. We managed to forestall and avoid this,” Mr. Volodin said.

Irina Pankina, First Deputy Chairman of the Committee on Legislation, United Russia, made a presentation on the bill. “We are witnessing a large-scale information war against our country, the President, our citizens. That wave of false information, biased criticism, which sows panic in society and spreads absolutely false information regarding the actions of our army, requires urgent and principled decisions. It is unacceptable to disseminate false information about the actions of our armed forces, which act to protect our citizens and, I emphasize, act to maintain peace and security,” said Ms. Pankina.

She recalled that when developing the amendments, the draft law on criminal liability for the enforcement of foreign sanctions in Russia was taken as a basis. It was adopted in the first reading back in 2018, and responsibility for fakes about the Armed Forces is introduced into it as part of amendments to the second reading, which allows us to speed up the procedure.

Irina Pankina also noted that in addition to liability for deliberately false information about the aircraft, distributed under the guise of reliable, the bill supplements two prejudicial compositions that relate to public actions aimed at discrediting the use of the aircraft. Added to the draft and a new pre-judicial rule, which introduces liability for calls for sanctions against Russia.

The deputies approved the bill on fakes in the second (399 votes) and third (401 votes) readings in complete silence – no one had any questions or objections.

Mr. Volodin congratulated the deputies on the adoption of the document, which will immediately be sent to the Federation Council, after which it will be placed on the President’s table. “And this means that it is possible that literally tomorrow its direct action rule will force those who lied and made statements discrediting our armed forces to be punished, and very harshly,” the speaker noted not without enthusiasm. He expressed the hope that society will understand that this is done in order to “protect the truth.”

The speaker also noted that the military operation “is developing according to plan, and everything is being done to ensure that Ukraine becomes a peaceful country, free, democratic, and independent.” At the same time, he remembered the anti-war statements of representatives of the Russian show business, reproached them with earned millions and expressed the wish that “the relevant committee on culture would not be silent.” As an example to follow, Mr. Volodin cited the conductor Valery Gergiev, who refused to condemn the actions of the Russian Armed Forces. The deputies gave the musician a standing ovation.

After that, the Duma just as quickly adopted in the second and third readings the corresponding amendments to the Code of Administrative Offenses, establishing administrative responsibility for spreading fakes about the Armed Forces, “discrediting” their use, and calling for sanctions against Russia.

“All evidence is provided by the investigation”

In the Federation Council, the laws received from the Duma were first dealt with by the profile committee on constitutional legislation and state building. The recommendation to the chamber to adopt the amendments was approved by the committee almost unanimously, but still there was some discussion.

“Who bears the burden of proving the credibility?” – asked the senator from Tuva Lyudmila Narusova. The speaker, the first deputy head of the committee, Vladimir Poletaev, replied that the investigating authorities and, in particular, the TFR, would deal with this.

“Lyudmila Borisovna, do you understand the question yourself?” Andrey Klishas, ​​head of the committee, tried to laugh it off. “I didn’t want to touch on this topic, I’ll explain with a specific example,” Ms. Narusova did not support the joking tone.

She said that, on behalf of Federation Council Speaker Valentina Matvienko, she turned to the Ministry of Defense with a list of names and numbers of military units, where, according to information she received, conscripts “were either forced to sign a contract or signed for them.” On March 3, “those conscripts” were taken out of the combat zone, while allegedly “out of a company of 100 people, four remained alive,” the senator said. “On the same day, I applied to the military department: confirm this information,” added Ms. Narusova (earlier, the Russian Ministry of Defense stated that conscripts were not participating in the operation in Ukraine, and our total losses in the first week amounted to less than 500 people killed. — “b”).

“That’s a different question,” Andrey Klishas said, but Lyudmila Narusova did not let up: “I ask: the degree of evidence. Reliable (is it information or not.— “b”)?” Mr. Klishas repeated that “all evidence is provided by the investigation,” to which Mrs. Narusova replied more conciliatoryly: “That’s what I want to hear.” “It is strange that you want to hear this, with your experience as a State Duma deputy and senator,” the head of the committee retorted, but nevertheless listed the stages of criminal proceedings. “This is how the Russian Criminal Code works,” he concluded. “I wanted to hear exactly this,” Mrs. Narusova closed the topic almost triumphantly.

Senator Nikolai Fedorov from Chuvashia was concerned about the lack of mention of the Russian Guard and the FSB in the law. “So we don’t protect them? The forces of the National Guard and the special forces of the FSB that are participating in this operation,” Mr. Fedorov asked. “We read: the use of the armed forces of the Russian Federation in order to protect the interests of the Russian Federation and its citizens, to maintain international peace and security,” Vladimir Poletaev quoted the text. “As it is written, it is,” Andrey Klishas concluded. “I don’t see any other (clarifications.— “b”) on this topic”.

This conclusion apparently suited Senator Fedorov, and the committee recommended the amendments for adoption. Lyudmila Narusova refused to vote because of the “blurring of definitions.”

“In non-stop mode, streams of monstrous lies pour out”

Before the start of the plenary session, the speaker of the Federation Council Valentina Matviyenko considered it necessary to speak in support of the RF Armed Forces. “They are conducting a special pinpoint military operation so that a military threat never comes from the territory of Ukraine. They are always for peace,” she said.

Ms. Matviyenko expressed confidence that after the operation, Ukraine “will once again become a country with which we will be connected by ties of cooperation.”

After that, the composition “Let’s get up” by the Russian artist SHAMAN sounded in the hall. “Penetrating words that go straight to the soul. And most importantly, they do not sound from the lips of the show party, they are composed and sung by our young guys. Goosebumps on the back,” admitted the speaker.

When discussing the amendments, Lyudmila Narusova again had a question: “Does this law cover the response of an official who gives false information in the response?” “If it falls under the composition, the investigating authorities will sort it out and make a decision. We need to look at the texture, ”repeated Vladimir Poletaev.

Then Valentina Matviyenko took the floor and spoke about the unprecedented scale of the information war launched by the West. According to her, the actions of “Washington-controlled” Instagram, Facebook, Twitter and YouTube can only be described as “carpet information bombing”: “The streams of monstrous lies are pouring out non-stop. There is a war on the mental, cultural destruction of our Motherland.”

Overseas, they hoped for support from within the Russian society, but “it was not possible to split our society,” the speaker stated. “Every day there are more and more comments, the leitmotif of which is the same: I am not ashamed that I am Russian, I am proud of Russia, our cause is just. I repeat, huge propaganda and technological forces are thrown against us. We need laws, they are harsh, but time obliges us. Our lives and the lives of the fraternal people are at stake,” said Ms. Matviyenko.

Her idea was developed by Alexei Pushkov, who called for the use of the entire arsenal of influence available in the legislation on American Internet sites. “Not only fines, but slowing down traffic, banning ads, eventually blocking. Our channels abroad are closed in one day, and we have all the demands, orders, expressions of hope,” he said.

As an example, the senator cited the Meta company, which “ignores defiantly” the requirements of Roskomnadzor. “Why can’t we take tougher measures, the toughest, perhaps temporarily? What is holding us back? Previously, they persuaded and hoped for cooperation, now they must move on to those provisions that exist in the law, but have not yet been applied,” Mr. Pushkov said.

Valentina Matvienko suggested that the relevant committees and commissions consider this issue and develop proposals. After that, 153 senators unanimously voted for the approval of the amendments.

Ksenia Veretennikova, Andrey Ash

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