The report on the state of global oral health recently published by the World Health Organization revealed that nearly half of the world’s population, or 45%, or up to 3.5 billion people, suffer from oral diseases. In this report, we learn about common oral diseases and ways to improve dental health, according to Site “Health“.
Common oral diseases
bad breath, sensitive teeth, cracked or broken teeth, as well as periodontal disease (chronic inflammation of the hard and soft tissues that support and hold the teeth such as gingivitis), dental caries, irregular teeth (extreme tooth loss when fewer than nine teeth remain in the mouth), Malocclusion (abnormal alignment of the teeth) and oral cancers are also some common oral diseases.
Causes of oral diseases
1. Tooth decay
Sugar plays a role in the case of tooth decay as it occurs when free sugar in food or drink is converted by bacteria into acids, as sugar destroys teeth over time, and can lead to tooth decay.
Tooth decay can look like white spots due to the weakening of the morale of the enamel below the surface, and if the damage persists, it can cause toothache and pain that occurs without any apparent cause. There will be tooth sensitivity, mild to sharp pain while eating or drinking something sweet, hot or cold.
2. Infections or tooth loss
In general, it is the end point of a long history of oral disease, especially advanced dental caries and severe periodontal disease. It can also be due to trauma and other causes.
Causes of malocclusion and risk factors include frequent use of a pacifier after the age of 3 years, thumb sucking, and injuries that lead to jaw deviation.
How do you improve oral health?
1. Practice good oral hygiene
Teeth should be thoroughly brushed twice a day and flossed daily to remove plaque.
2. Check with your dentist
You should go to the dentist at least once a year, even if you don’t have dental problems.
3. Quit smoking
Don’t use any tobacco products, and if you smoke, just quit.
4. Diabetes and dental care
Treating gum disease may help lower your blood sugar level. If you have diabetes, work to keep the disease under control. By doing so, “it will reduce the risk of other complications, including gum disease.” So, see your doctor or dentist if you have sudden changes in smell or taste.