Insulin Resistance: Not Only a Concern for Diabetics
Insulin plays a crucial role in regulating blood sugar levels in the body, and while it is commonly associated with diabetes, insulin resistance can also be a cause for concern. According to diabinfo, a diabetes information portal, when cells do not react sensitively enough to insulin, the body’s cells receive less sugar from the blood, leading to insulin resistance. Over time, this resistance could progress to type II diabetes.
Recognizing insulin resistance is not always straightforward as it does not present specific symptoms. However, people with elevated blood sugar levels, excessive belly fat, high blood pressure, elevated triglyceride levels, and low HDL cholesterol levels, as well as a family history of type II diabetes, may be more likely to have insulin resistance.
To determine if someone is insulin resistant, the “Homa index” can be used. This index is calculated using fasting insulin and glucose concentrations after a person has not eaten for about twelve hours. Ideally, the Homa index should be less than 2.5, and for people with type II diabetes, it is typically over 5.0.
It is important to note that insulin resistance can lead to permanent health problems, especially if complemented by a lack of exercise and poor nutrition. Therefore, understanding the symptoms and measuring insulin resistance can be critical in preventing the progression to type II diabetes.
While the symptoms of diabetes are not distinguishable between women and men, it is imperative for individuals with risk factors for insulin resistance to monitor their health closely. Taking steps to manage insulin levels through proper nutrition and regular physical activity can help reduce the risk of developing type II diabetes.]
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