Use of the pill down among 20-24 year olds

Fifty-five years after its authorisation, the pill is currently the form of contraception most used by 15-24 year olds. This is at least what emerges from the survey published on June 7 by the BVA institute, for the pharmaceutical laboratories Effik (producer of several contraceptive pills). According to the study, 66% of young women aged 15-24 use a method of contraception, including 44% using the pill. Although one out of two young women uses it for its contraceptive effect, other motivations are also mentioned: it is, for example, a means of “regulate the menstrual cycle”of “reduce period pain” or fight acne.

Declining use

If the method largely dominates the pill is however less used than six years ago, date of the last official barometer conducted on the subject by Public Health France: at the time, 60% of women aged 15 to 24 took it. This decline is observed in particular among 20-24 year olds, in favor of the IUD in particular, now used by 10% of the sample questioned (compared to half in 2016).

This change in contraceptive method is primarily motivated by use perceived as too restrictive (32% of respondents are afraid of forgetting their pill), but also by fears for health and fear of side effects (phlebitis, stroke ).

Among the women who stopped the pill, 33% did so out of a desire to stop the hormones. “Today, the rising concern among 15-24 year olds, Generation Z, is environmental concerns, deciphered the sociologist Emmanuelle Lefranc during a press conference. These young women aspire to consume more natural products for everything related to their body and what they are likely to absorb. »

A need for information

Also according to the study, half of the young women questioned would also like more information on contraception, the risks, the effectivenessYoung women do not seem “not so enlightened” in their choice, alerts the study. And “many preconceived ideas persist”also noted Joëlle Bensimhon, gynecologist-obstetrician, who noted some of them: the fact that the pill “dosystematically grow, what “protects against sexually transmitted diseases and infections” or that it renders sterile, in the long term.

“Contraception is one of the subjects surrounded by controversy”, detailed Emmanuelle Lefranc. Gold, “young people find it difficult to know what information to trust, faced with the profusion of sources”. According to the sample interviewed, the main informants remain health professionals, followed by mothers, when the youngest (14-19 years old) also trust social networks or influencers. The challenge for the expert is then to correctly inform “with the means used by this generation”. There is still, summarized Joëlle Bensimhon, a little “bread on the board”​​​.

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