The Ministry of Health and MDA publish recommendations and instructions on proper conduct during the Yom Kippur fast in terms of nutrition, maintaining health and the riders.
The day before Yom Kippur
It is recommended to eat some light meals, based on the Mediterranean diet. This diet is based on unprocessed natural food products, which include key nutritional components and substances that contribute to and protect health: more vegetables, fruits, whole grains, legumes, nuts, olive oil and smaller amounts of unprocessed foods low in animal fat such as dairy products, chicken, meat and fish. This is a good opportunity to get acquainted with these foods and get used to eating them the rest of the year as well.
You should drink more water and reduce the consumption of caffeinated drinks such as tea, coffee, cola and energy drinks.
To prevent the feeling of thirst during the holiday: it is very important to reduce sodium consumption by reducing seasoning with salt, soup powders and sauces in stews and salads, avoid serving pickles and processed foods high in salt at dinner.
The interrupting meal
It is advisable to include in the meal a vegetable salad, cooked vegetables, a protein dish such as chicken, fish or legumes, as well as a starchy side dish (such as potatoes, rice and pasta). For dessert you can eat fruit or a slice of cake (recommended and easy-to-prepare recipes – in the links).
Make sure to drink a lot of water before and after the meal and do not drink caffeinated beverages.
In order to prevent the feeling of thirst during the holiday, it is very important to reduce the consumption of salt and foods high in salt! It is advisable to reduce the seasoning with salt, soup powders and sauces in stews and salads and avoid serving pickles and sauces high in salt at dinner.
The meal at the end of the fast
At the end of the fast, you should “break” the fast with a glass of water, a small date or other fruit and fresh vegetable soup.
About half an hour to an hour later you can eat a light meal, which includes a vegetable salad and/or a cooked vegetable and a slice of whole wheat bread.
It is recommended to return to normal eating gradually and in moderation.
Corona patients are advised to avoid fasting, even if the disease is mild. Also, a person who is in isolation and does not feel well is advised to consult the doctor before deciding to fast.
MDA guidelines and a green light
Sick, elderly and pregnant women:
MDA recommends that patients, the elderly and pregnant women, consult a doctor before fasting, with an emphasis on patients suffering from kidney failure, heart disease, atherosclerosis, oncology patients, and kidney, heart or liver transplant recipients. This is due to the fear that the symptoms of the disease will worsen due to stopping taking The medications. This guideline is also addressed to those suffering from diabetes, high blood pressure, epilepsy, overactivity or lack of thyroid gland and kidney and liver diseases.
Damage to kidney functions:
Due to avoiding drinking during the fast, kidney stones may form in our body. This is a problem that appears, among other things, during fasting. The first signs of damage to the body’s systems due to lack of fluids are headaches, blurred vision, and in a more severe stage, difficulties urinating and damage to the other body systems. In order to reduce the risks of damage to kidney functions, fasting is recommended to stay in shaded and air-conditioned places.
Avoiding drink and food can cause dehydration. Pay particular attention to babies, children and the elderly. In any case where general weakness is felt and signs of dehydration appear (weakness, dizziness, nausea and vomiting), the MDA teams must be quickly called on the emergency phone number 101 or through the “My MDA” application, and listen to the instructions of the medics and paramedics at the call center, until the MDA teams arrive to the place
Women in fertility treatments:
During Yom Kippur, MDA paramedics will inject drugs to women undergoing fertility treatments. Women who are in the process of fertility treatments and need a series of hormonal injections, and according to the recommendation of the attending physician must have an appointment on the dates and times set in advance, may, if necessary, call MDA on 101 to coordinate Advance their arrival at the MDA station closest to them. When arriving at the MDA stations for the purpose of performing the injections, you must bring the material for injection as well as the attending physician’s reference with the date and time of the injection, dosage, location and method of injection (intramuscular or subcutaneous). The MDA paramedics will inject the drugs exclusively to patients who have already received at least one injection before of the same drug.
The MDA appeals to the worshiping public who come to the synagogues with children and toddlers, to pay special attention and watch over them during the prayer. Every year the MDA is called upon to take care of children and toddlers who are injured in the vicinity of the synagogue while playing in places where there is danger, and which are not intended for children and toddlers to play.
Bicycle maintenance: Before you go for a ride, make sure the bicycle is in good condition: the horn, the tires, the brakes, the lighting and the reflectors.
Adjusting the bike to the rider: make sure that the bike fits the rider’s height in such a way that the lugs touch the ground at the tip of the fingers.
Wearing a helmet: the helmet protects the rider’s head and can be the difference between a minor injury and a serious one, therefore ride only with a helmet that fits the rider’s head and fastens well every ride.
Riding in the dark: When riding at night, wear bright clothing that can be identified in the dark and use bicycle lights and reflectors.
Use of protection: every time you ride you must ride with knee pads, elbow pads and gloves.
Riders by law: Children under the age of 16 are prohibited from riding electric bicycles, electric scooters and hoverboards.
Thousands of children and teenagers ride bicycles, scooters (electric scooters) and roller-blades during Yom Kippur on city and intercity roads. At Magan David Adom, parents are asked to check the condition of the bicycles, with an emphasis on the tires and brakes, to make sure that the children ride with helmets and shields, as well as to pay increased attention to passers-by. In any case of injury, the MDA teams must be quickly called on the emergency phone number 101 or through the “My MDA” application, which will locate the location of the incident automatically, and listen to the instructions of the medics and paramedics at the call center, until the MDA teams arrive at the scene.