At least double, if not triple, of what is declared by each single nation. These are the deaths caused by Covid in the world. COVID-19 has become a leading cause of death in all countries, indirectly also causing a substantial number of additional deaths globally, regionally and nationally, and has inevitably shortened life expectancy in many countries, with a long-lasting impact. term still unknown.
Preliminary estimates ofWHO suggest that the global total of excess deaths attributable to COVID-19, both directly and indirectly, amounts to at least 3 million in 2020 or 1.2 million more deaths than the 1.8 million global deaths from COVID-19 reported last year.
An estimate that made a Samira Asma, WHO Deputy Director General speaking to reporters in Geneva during the presentation of the report, that people who died directly or indirectly from Covid “they are at least double, triple the official ones”.
These are the numbers contained in the report “Global Heath Statistics 2021” which every year collects the main world health data.
As of May 1, over 153 million confirmed cases of COVID-19 and 3.2 million related deaths have been reported to WHO. The Americas region and the European region were the hardest hit, with more than three quarters of cases reported globally within them, with respective case rates per 100,000 population of 6,114 and 5,562 and nearly half (48%) of all COVID-19 deaths in the Americas region and one third (34%) in the European region.
Of the 23.1 million cases reported to date in the Southeast Asian region, over 86% are attributed toIndia. Despite the wide spread of the virus, to date cases of COVID-19 seem to be predominantly concentrated in high-income countries. The 20 countries in this most affected group account for almost half (45%) of the cumulative cases of COVID-19 in the world, but they represent only one eighth (12.4%) of the global population.
But WHO points out that regardless of the pandemic, existing inequalities, both within and between countries, prevent adequately targeted interventions in the health field. Despite recent global health gains, people around the world continue to face a complex mix of interrelated threats to their health and well-being. Many of these threats are rooted in social, political, economic and gender inequalities and other determinants of health.
The world population continues to live longer and live more years in good health. Between 2000 and 2019, global life expectancy at birth increased from 66.8 years in 2000 to 73.3 years in 2019, and healthy life expectancy increased from 58.3 years to 63. 7 years. Despite the sharing of similar increasing trends, the two indicators are in any case higher among women than men and in any case appear in relation to the income level of the populations of the different countries.
Even if, precisely because of the strong gap between “rich and poor” today there is a more marked improvement (+11 years in life expectancy and +5 in good health) among the poorest countries, above all thanks to the considerable progress made in the reduction of mortality among children under 5 years of age in the last 20 years.
However, tuberculosis remains the leading cause of death worldwide for a single infectious agent. Globally, an estimated 10 million (range, 8.9-11 million) people became ill with tuberculosis in 2019, a number that has declined very slowly in recent years but not fast enough to reach the 2020 milestone. a 20% reduction between 2015 and 2020.
New HIV infections have been reduced by 40% from their peak in 1998. In 2019, approximately 1.7 million people were recently infected with HIV, more than a million fewer than in 1998. However, this is far from the case. 2020 global target of less than 500,000 new infections.