Why Argentina had the lowest infant mortality rate in its history

Why Argentina had the lowest infant mortality rate in its history

The Ministry of Health of the Nation reported this Monday, February 6, that the Argentina reached the lowest infant mortality rate in its history and the owner of that letter, Carla Vizzottihighlighted the “recovery of the strong downward trend” of that indicator.

Vizzotti made the announcement known during a meeting of the Federal Health Council (COFESA), which was held at the Casa Rosada, which was attended by his peers from all provinces.

The Government reported that in “Argentina the infant mortality rate –number of deaths of girls and boys under 1 year of age that occur per thousand live births– decreased to 8 per thousand in 2021which compared to the rate of 9.2 per thousand registered in 2019 means a decrease of more than one point in two years”, so “it is the lowest historical value registered”.

In all, in 2021, 4,238 infant deaths were recordedwhich represents a reduction of 6% compared to the year 2020.

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The decrease was 8% for deaths occurring in the neonatal period (3,029 versus 3,303), while it was maintained for the post-neonatal period (1,209 versus 1,202 deaths).

Vizzotti also revealed that a “shortening of the gap between the provinces (difference between the provinces with the highest and lowest infant mortality rate)”.

“In 2020 the registered range was from 4.9 to 16.4 per thousand (11.5 points of difference), while in 2021 the registered range was between 4.6 and 11.6 per thousand (7 points of difference)” , he detailed.

In 2020, five provinces registered mortality rates above double digits (more than 10), while in 2021 there were four provinces that presented values ​​above 10 per thousand.

As detailed during the meeting, the infant mortality rate continued its decline during the years of the Covid-19 pandemic.

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“The Law 1,000 days, with a federal conception, is key to explaining this great news. We are working to achieve more and more equity in access to Health,” said the Minister of Health on her Twitter account.

“We reached the lowest number of infant mortality in our history. It is a pride to announce that Argentina returned to the trend of reduction of one percentage point and reached the historical minimum in this indicator. This is what having a State present is all about,” Vizzotti wrote on that social network.

He also added: “We recovered the strong downward trend in mortality. For this reason, a present Ministry of Health is important, with a federal perspective and working with the 24 jurisdictions.”

The national official explained that “the rate of deaths of children under 1 year of age in 2021 was 8 per thousand, the historical minimum in our country.”

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“We also managed to reduce the difference between the jurisdictions with the highest and lowest records of infant mortality,” said the minister, noting: “A present State, a national Ministry committed and articulating federally generates these results. Are we heading in the right direction. Health is our flag“.

Regarding the figures disseminated, it was also reported that 529,794 live births were registered in 2021, which represents a slight decrease at the country level compared to the values ​​registered in 2020.

This is the seventh consecutive year of declining birth rates in the country.

In relation to an adolescent fertility rate, a new decrease was observed in the adolescent fertility rate, which went from 15.4 per thousand women between the ages of 10 and 19 in 2020, to 13.7 per thousand in 2021. This represents a decrease of 1.7 points in one year.

He Sustaining the decline in late adolescent fertility is reinforced by the implementation strategy of public policies for the prevention of unintended pregnancy in adolescence and access to free contraceptive methods, especially long-term LARC (IUD and subdermal implants).).


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