Bernard Cazeneuve weakened by his 2017 law on the use of firearms by the police

by time news

2023-07-24 13:00:09
Bernard Cazeneuve in Thionville (Moselle), March 20, 2023. HUGO AZMANI / HANS LUCAS VIA AFP

The death of Nahel M., on June 27, in Nanterre, not only set the country ablaze, causing several consecutive nights of urban riots. The fact that he was killed by the shooting of a police officer, during a traffic check, after a refusal to comply, also had the effect of weakening Bernard Cazeneuve, in view of his possible candidacy for the presidential election of 2027.

The law passed in February 2017, when the socialist was Prime Minister of François Hollande, and which had modified the framework of the self-defense of the police by allowing them to shoot at moving vehicles has, since this tragedy, been the target of many criticisms. Symptom of a certain feverishness, Mr. Cazeneuve made the rounds of the media, applying himself to convince that his text is not at the origin of the shooting of the brigadier. On July 19, Gérald Darmanin came to his rescue. “The 2017 law did not encourage the police and gendarmes to shoot more”, said the Minister of the Interior, during a hearing by the National Assembly’s law commission. Before asking: “When someone breaks the law, what’s the point of changing it? »

A response to criticism from the left, in particular from La France insoumise (LFI), which considers this law as a ” license to kill “. Like environmentalists and communists, Jean-Luc Mélenchon and his relatives demand the repeal of the text. On the defensive, Bernard Cazeneuve rebelled against this trial judged « abject », and kept reminding the “difficult climate” which surrounded this law, drafted a year after the attacks of November 13, 2015, in particular at the Bataclan.

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“Country tried by the attacks”

Crossed by the doubt with regard to a device adopted when it was in power, the Socialist Party (PS) began its examination of conscience. Its first secretary, Olivier Faure, recorded the multiplication “by five of the fatal shots” since the conditions for the use of firearms by the police have been relaxed, inviting “get out of any form of denial”. An assessment of the law was requested by the leader of the PS deputies, Boris Vallaud, from the chairman of the Assembly’s law commission, Sacha Houlié (Renaissance, Vienna).

According to our information, a mission planned for October and led by the deputies Thomas Rudigoz (Renaissance, Rhône) and Roger Vicot (PS, North), will have to take stock of the subject. The latter, in charge of subjects related to security issues at the PS, wishes that « the light ” be done. “You have to know how the unions [de police] received the information, how it was interpreted”he explains.

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