beyond financing, the thorny question of land – L’Express

by time news

2023-12-11 12:40:17

The money doesn’t always trickle down, but the windfall from France 2030 seems to be flowing freely to businesses. According to the Élysée, half of the 54 billion euros of this investment plan in innovation and decarbonization has already been committed to more than 3,000 projects. The executive estimates that they would have made it possible to maintain or create – as desired – around 56,000 jobs. Enough to fuel Emmanuel Macron’s speech around the reindustrialization of France, he who is going to Toulouse this Monday, December 11 to provide after-sales service for France 2030, two years after its launch.

But it is still very early to declare victory because the horizon is darkening. If the balance between factory creations and closures remains positive, it has shrunk dramatically over the first eleven months of the year, observes the Trendeo firm. The announcement with great fanfare of the investment of the Danish laboratory Novo Nordisk in Chartres is the tree that hides a forest in recovery. Especially since if the executive opens the floodgates of public money, private capital is still missing. Skills are scarce. And land promises to be increasingly difficult to find.

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Especially when the country must also embark on the essential path to sobriety traced by “Zero net artificialization” (ZAN). A report submitted in July to the ministers of Industry and Ecological Transition by the prefect of the Somme, Rollon Mouchel-Blaisot, was clear on the need for “real planning of industrial land” to secure the 22 000 hectares that industry will need to develop in France by 2030. Manufacturers will have to learn to produce differently. And particularly in height, like Hoffmann Green and its vertical cement plant in Vendée, the first of its kind.

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So many efforts which will remain wishful thinking without any real work on the acceptability of the projects among local populations. With the idea that promises of job creation are less and less convincing in a context of ecological emergency.

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