The Council of the EU and the European Parliament have concluded an agreement on the regulation of artificial intelligence this Friday. Negotiators from the two co-legislators have finally managed to close a deal after negotiations had stalled on the limits of biometric datas. “The regulation seeks to ensure that the artificial intelligence systems that exist and are used in the EU are safe and respect fundamental rights and European values,” pointed out the current Spanish presidency of the EU, which is in charge of leading the negotiations The deal was closed after 36 hours of negotiation.
The standard regulates artificial intelligence based on the level of danger that it supposes, while prohibiting it or limiting its use according to the degree of danger. The Council and the European Parliament reached an agreement on Thursday on rules for foundational or generative artificial intelligence systems, such as ChatGPTbut the talks stalled on limits on biometric data and the negotiations, which had dragged on through the night, were suspended until the next morning.
The most conflicting point that remained to be closed this Friday is the one that affects the biometric surveillance, such as facial recognition cameras in public spaces and that use artificial intelligence in real time. The states wanted it to be done use in certain casessuch as cases of sexual abuse or prevention of terrorism, but the European Parliament considered that it violated fundamental rights.
Negotiations between the European Parliament and the Council to close the regulations on artificial intelligence began in july. The two co-legislators already reached an agreement in September on which artificial intelligence practices were considered high-risk and should therefore be banned in the EU. Since then, the most controversial aspects of regulation remained to be agreed: the use of real-time biometric surveillance and the regulation of new generative artificial intelligence systems, such as ChatGPT.
The agreement still needs to be ratified by the full European Parliament and the Council with the goal of the law entering into force in 2026.
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