the most common in women and men, communities with the most cases and the most detected

the most common in women and men, communities with the most cases and the most detected

Cancer cases have been increasing in recent years. reaching 290,175 new cases in 2022, 1.34% more than the previous year, according to the Spanish Association Against Cancer (AECC), and the figure is expected to continue to rise. Associations, medical organizations, professionals and institutions have spent decades calling for the prevention of this disease that claims thousands of lives each year.

This Saturday World Cancer Day is celebrated with the aim of raising awareness and mobilizing society to advance in the control of this disease, which represents the most important socio-sanitary problem in the world: one in two men and one in three women will have cancer in their lifetimepoints out the AECC.

It is expected that in 2023 more than 279,000 people will be diagnosed in Spain, the majority of colon, breast and lung cancer; to continue increasing to the point of reaching 341,000 cases in 2040.

mortality and survival

The tumors were the second cause of death in Spain in 2021 (25.2% of deaths, 113,662) with an increase of 0.8% compared to the previous year and only behind diseases of the circulatory system (26.4% of deaths, 119,196), according to the INE .

Refering to net survival five years after the diagnosis of the patients diagnosed between 2008-2013, in Spain it was 55.3% in men and 61.7% in women.

The most frequent cancers

The most frequent types of cancer in Spanish society, taking into account both men and women, are those of colon and rectum (41,646 new cases), prostate (35.862), mama (34.722), lung (30.184), y urinary bladder (19.104).

Separating the data by sex, in the men cancers of the prostate (35,862), colon and rectum (25,406) and lung (22,247) are the majority, while women those of the breast (34,722) and those of the colon and rectum (16,240) suffer to a greater extent. The most common type of cancer in both men and women was colon and rectal.

Communities with more cases

The number of cancer cases diagnosed each year in Spain has followed an upward trend, but some autonomous communities register many more cases than others. Thus, Andalusia (48,436), Catalonia (45,836), Madrid (38,348) and the Valencian Community (31,112) are the regions that more clinical cases have been registered in 2022.

On the other hand, some communities have suffered a greater increase in cases compared to others. In this sense, compared to the previous year, it reflects a more noticeable increase in the Canary Islands, the Balearic Islands, Murcia and the Valencian Community.

The following map shows the cases detected in the last year per 100,000 inhabitants of each autonomous community, where Asturias, Castilla y León and Galicia stand out.

Estimates for 2023

The number of cancers diagnosed in Spain in 2023 it could reach 279,260 casesaccording to the estimates of the report ‘The figures of cancer in Spain 2023’, carried out by the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM).

As in 2022, a higher prevalence of cancer in men than in womenespecially affecting those over 65 years of age in both sexes.

Los cancers more frequently diagnosed in Spain in 2023 will be, according to the report, those of the colon and rectum (42,721), breast (35,001), lung (31,282), prostate (29,002) and urinary bladder (21,694).

Risk factor’s

The tobacco, alcohol and obesity they remain some of the most important and preventable risk factors related to cancer. 33% of cases worldwide and up to 22% of deaths from cancer are due to tobacco.

It is estimated that by 2020, alcohol was the cause of the diagnosis of about 4,500 cases of colon cancer in Spainabout 2,100 cases of breast cancer, and about 1,500 cases of hepatocarcinoma and tumors of the oral cavity, among others.

there is at least nine cancers linked to obesity, among which those of the postmenopausal breast and endometrium stand out, in addition to those of the colon and kidney.

The National Center for Oncological Research (CNIO), for its part, has emphasized the environmental factors, taking into account the relationship between the health of people and the planet, since several of the factors that most influence its appearance are related to the environmental crisis.

Clean air, a stable climate, adequate water, sanitation and hygiene, the safe use of chemicals, radiation protection, sound waste management and healthy and safe workplaces, a sustainable diet and biodiversity would help prevent the disease.

awareness and research

Various campaigns, including the AECC’s ‘Todos Contra el Cáncer’, seek to raise awareness and mobilize Spanish society to Increase the cancer survival rate to 70% by 2030. The entities ask for more resources for the prevention, research and treatment of cancer.

Regarding research, according to a study by the AECC, the production of Spanish scientific publications In the field of cancer, it is behind some countries with more populations, such as the United States, China, Germany or the United Kingdom.

Most of the public funds that finance research of cancer in Spain come from the Carlos III Health Institute (ISCIII) according to the AECC. However, the financing of the Ministry together with the State Research Agency and the Carlos III Health Institute was reduced by 5% between the periods 2008-2012 and 2013-2017.

The association stresses that this reduction is less than the general drop in public spending on R&D between 2007 and 2017which is related to reasons such as “budgetary stability in various calls” or the “high competitiveness of institutions and researchers in the field of cancer”.


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