The information below applies to non-EU citizens in Italy who have a residency permit (permesso di soggiorno) linked to a work permit and visa: not EU citizens or their family members, and not people with other types of residence permit.
The good news is that you won’t be kicked out of Italy the minute you lose your job: the expiry date on your residency permit for employment reasons (residence permit for subordinate work) won’t change.
Effectively, if you end up unemployed you’ll have until at least the date on which your residency permit expires to find a new job, and you may still be able to remain in Italy beyond that.
The duration of your residency permit for employment will depend on the type of work permit and visa you received, but it is normally valid for one or two years.
You’ll need to renew your residency permit before it expires, or at least within 60 days of the expiry date, at your region’s police headquarters (Questura).
There’s no rule that states you still have to be doing the same job, or even the same type of job, when you renew – as long as you can still meet all of the residency requirements.
READ ALSO: When and how should I renew my Italian residency permit?
You must provide a valid employment contract to renew your permit. This can be for a different job, including a job in a different sector.
You could also apply for a different type of permit if you meet the requirements.
If you lose a job, one option may be to work on a self-employed basis instead and then apply for a permit based on self-employment (residence permit for self-employment) when it comes to the time to renew.
“If you have a residence permit for employment you can engage in self-employed activities if you have the required qualifications and fulfil the necessary legal requirements,” the European Commission’s immigration portal explains.
“Your change of status will be registered when your original residence permit expires.”
What happens if you’re unable to find a new job in time?
If you’re still unemployed when your residency permit is up for renewal, this doesn’t automatically mean you have to leave Italy either.
You’ll need to register as unemployed when you lose your job. This means you’ll then be entitled to unemployment benefits, usually for up to one year, and that you may also be eligible to apply for a ‘residence permit while awaiting employment’ instead of renewing your current permit.
“If you have a residence permit for salaried employment but lose your job or resign, you may be put on the employment placement lists [meaning registered with the job centre] for the remaining period of validity of your residence permit or for a period of no more than twelve months,” the EC immigration portal website states.
“If you lose your job at the end of your permit you can ask for a renewal for a period of no more than twelve months.”
In fact, it may also be possible for residency permits while awaiting employment to be extended beyond 12 months, since Italian law “has not imposed a maximum limit on the possible renewal of an entitlement document conferred previously,” according to the Italian Labour Ministry’s website.
“It is up to the police to assess the situation of applicants on a case-by-case basis, paying particular attention to their family ties, the number of years spent in Italy, and any previous criminal convictions.”
Please note that The Local is unable to advise on individual cases or assist with job applications.
For more information on how these rules apply in your circumstances, see the Italian labour ministry’s immigration website, visit the single window (immigration ‘one stop shop’), or consult the patronage for free immigration law advice.
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