During the cold days of winter, the fear of contracting some of the most common types of microbes linked to ENT problems increases. Similarly, cases of sore throats increase in the winter months, which usually witness the spread of bacteria and infections, according to what was published by the Boldsky website.
Sore throats are inflammations or roughnesses that occur in the tissues of the throat due to bacterial or viral infections. The injury leads to pain, swelling, and redness in the throat area. These infections come with their own troubling set of symptoms such as coughing, colored mucus, difficulty swallowing, dry throat, swollen lymph nodes in the tonsils, and sometimes difficulty speaking. Thus, it becomes important to understand the ways to stay safe from viral infection, as follows:
1. Cleanliness is key
Like most viral and seasonal infections, an important way to deal with sore throats is to maintain basic personal and community hygiene. Frequent and timely hand washing and avoiding touching the face are important steps to avoid spreading or catching infection, as well as ensuring that the surrounding environment is kept clean.
2. Wearing protective masks
Although precautionary measures in public places have been eased, it is still necessary to wear face masks to stop the spread of seasonal virus infections. Wearing protective masks gives protection from viruses and bacteria, which are transmitted through the air, in addition to pollutants in the air.
3. Humidify the surrounding air
Winter air lacks moisture. If one is sensitive to changes in the surrounding environment and air, this may lead to fears of infection or allergy attacks. Dry air causes infections in the throat and one feels irritation in the throat, which leads to infections. Using a humidifier will help raise the moisture content and make the surrounding air less dry.
4. Steam and gargle
Throat infections can also lead to blocked nasal passages. This along with throat irritation can be relieved by inhaling steam. It is advised to add camphor or tulsi oil in water to help ease breathing or as a prescription to combat cough.
Gargle is also recommended to relieve sore throats. Gargling with lukewarm water with added salt can be helpful in getting rid of inflammation in the throat area and providing relief.
5. Boost immunity
To fight the common throat infections during the winter, one needs to build a strong immunity in the body. The body must be prepared for any impending viral attack during the winter, eat healthy food and consume plenty of fluids to keep the body hydrated. Crushed garlic added to lukewarm water with honey is an antiviral and antibacterial shield for the throat. Experts also advise a diet rich in nutrients such as calcium, zinc and magnesium that enhance the body’s ability to better fight infection.